Variation in household energy transitions for basic lighting

Authors: Elise Harrington*, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ameya Athavankar, two by three , David Hsu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Topics: Energy, Development
Keywords: renewable energy, energy ladder, electricity access, India
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Cleveland 2, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Many rural households in India lack access to reliable energy services but have a variety of off-grid technologies to choose from for basic lighting and electricity needs. Choices among different technologies, appliances, and services influence how households transition to renewable energy. To assess how households decide among various energy sources, we studied purchase and use patterns for lighting and basic charging technologies for twenty-two households in three rural Indian villages using a card-based interview protocol. We find that households use multiple energy sources to meet basic lighting and charging needs, but these patterns vary across households. Influential factors in adoption of new lighting technologies include: awareness, access, end-uses, and pricing, while retention of sources is most influenced by access, end-uses, and quality.

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