Using traditional knowledge, participatory approaches, and ecosystem-based adaptation to drive innovation in mountains.

Authors: Erin Gleeson*, The Mountain Institute, Anais Zimmer, The Mountain Institute
Topics: Mountain Environments, Natural Resources, Coupled Human and Natural Systems
Keywords: mountains, ecosystems, adaptation, climate change, livelihoods, Peru, Nepal
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Stones Throw 1 - Granite, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Societal adaptation to the consequences of rising global temperatures will require measures that simultaneously reduce poverty and protect or restore biodiversity and ecosystem services. This is especially true in mountains, where communities and ecosystems are already more vulnerable to natural hazards, over-exploitation, and degradation, and where the consequences of global warming are already magnified. Ecosystem-based approaches that help people adapt to climate change, especially when combined with innovative solutions that provide short- and medium-term economic benefits, are particularly promising in mountain regions, where other approaches are often limited by the steep topography, marginality, inaccessibility, and lack of representation that characterize mountains.

In this talk, I will share some examples of ecosystem-based adaptation combined with economic innovation that are reinvigorating parts of highland Peru and remote communities in Nepal. In both countries, these innovations are grounded in traditional knowledge and made successful by strong local partnerships and participatory approaches. However, I will also discuss the challenges we continue to face in building and maintaining these opportunities, namely stable linkages to international markets and the research basis to scale up implementation.

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