Authors: Yasmin Khan*, University of Toronto
Topics: Gender, Asia, Human Rights
Keywords: Human Rights, Gender, Rohingya, Borders, Host Community
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 2:35 PM / 4:15 PM
Room: Virginia A, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
A significant outcome of the 65.5 million displaced people are protracted refugee situations (PRS). More than 85 percent of PRS are hosted by developing countries in the Global South, where the burden of caring for refugees falls on the countries often suffering from their own economic, social, and environmental challenges. However, the impacts of PRS on host communities, in particular, the gendered impacts are understudied. Bangladesh is facing the challenges inherent in hosting 1 million Rohingya refugees from Myanmar in a poverty-stricken coastal area. This 40-year PRS has had long-term effects on both refugee populations and host communities, including exacerbating food security and bodily security issues. Humanitarian aid practices guided by Bangladeshi government forces include border enforcement, checkpoints, and militarization of refugee camps and the surrounding host communities. These bordering practices for refugee populations include forced immobility (containment) and forced mobility (e.g. in the forms of forced sex trafficking outside of camps). These border issues have repercussions for host community members as well. Host community and refugee women experience the outcomes of these challenges differently than men in the form of differential levels of social vulnerability and control. I aim to explore how refugee humanitarian aid interventions including securitization and bordering practices affect social vulnerability of refugee women and host community women.