Amenity, Firm Distribution, and Creativity of Producer Service Industries in Shanghai: A Perspective from Open Data

Authors: Yangyi Wu*, University of Utah
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Economic Geography, China
Keywords: urban amenities, employment distribution, innovation
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Senate Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Urban amenity has been widely used to explain the development variations between regions, especially in terms of innovations and creativities of producer services. However, largely due to data availability, current literature is concentrated on its influence on regional industrial distributions but not local creativity performance. Relying on big data sources, this paper comparatively uncovers the effects of urban amenities on producer services’ creativity outputs in Shanghai at a 1-km-fishnet local level and the subdistrict-level. We find that urban amenities have stronger spatial associations with creativity outputs, which are more centered than producer service firms. The variation is an integrated result of the locational preference of firms to different amenities, and the preference varies between their creative levels, scales, and industry sectors. First, public services and financial services help attract firms, but they have insignificant or even negative effects on creativities. Second, most urban amenities are not significant positive local factors, but some are essential incentives at the subdistrict level. More importantly, the co-location of urban amenity and creativity outputs is different between China and Western countries. These findings accentuate the differentiated role of sundry urban amenity as a spark of firm and creativity, as well as the importance of regional or cultural differences and industry sectors. When highlights the strength of big data, this study also underpins the importance of combining the application of big data with the guidance of geography theories, as the geographical perspectives such as spatial relationships and scales are still critical in urban studies.

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