Entry control, gated community and crime

Authors: ZENGLI WANG*,
Topics: Applied Geography, Human-Environment Geography, Asia
Keywords: Crime; Entry control; Gated Community;
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Washington 4, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

There exists contradiction on whether gated communities affect crime rates in current literature. Some research found no significant effect while others discovered that gated communities can have either higher or lower crime rates, when compared to open communities with similar characteristics. Few have examined the impact of entrance control mechanisms of gated communities on crime. This study aims to fill such gap. Using a recent burglary dataset in a large Chinese city, this study examines if increasing levels of entry controls of gated communities can deter crime, with other community characteristics being controlled. The results show that increasing level of entry control of gated communities significantly deters crime. Further studies are needed to test if this conclusion can be generalized to other Chinese cities.

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