Relocations of Geography-related IT Industries - a case study in China since 1990'-

Authors: Takehiko Fujii*, The University of Tokyo
Topics: Location Theory, Economic Geography, China
Keywords: relocation, information technologies (IT), entrepreneurship, mapping industry, GIS, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: 8217, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


This study focuses on geography as an industry especially in the information technology (IT) entrepreneurship field, and has observed the history of its location transfers in China mainly since 1990’ when the commercialization of its national economy has rapidly introduced and developed. Geography-related IT industries contain not only geographical information systems (GIS) and other spatial fields but also wide range of value chains related map. The upstream consists of raw materials such as satellite imageries, aerial photos and surveyed data including global positioning systems (GPS). The midstream is as a manufacturing function to make maps from the raw materials. The downstream are services to make use of maps such as GIS and car navigation systems (CNS) as well as other online mapping services including the Google Map. During the cold war, those industries had retreated to the inlands for defense reason. In 1990’, after the cold war was over, the commercialization of defense technologies have begun and diffused globally. Since the industries had been rather R&D oriented, start-up activities had been vibrant in Wuhan. In the first half of the 2000’ decade, they had faced the shrink of inflow from the capital markets. Entrepreneurs had gathered in the coastal metropolitan areas where had had affluent capitals, labor markets and business opportunities. In the latter half of the decade, Beijing has become the dominant center of start-ups, where the proximity to the regulators, central government shows some conveniences to the industries.

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