Public Bike System and Gentrification: Who Affects Whom?

Authors: Jia-Jhen Wu*, National Taiwan University, Jen-Jia Lin, National Taiwan University
Topics: Transportation Geography
Keywords: Public bike system, Gentrification, Linear regression
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Roosevelt 0, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Public bike systems (PBSs) have become popular as emerging green transport modes in cities around the world in recent years. In the context of global urban competition, local governments have developed bicycling infrastructures and environments to enhance their capability of urban competition and talent recruitment. These enhancements have been recognized as factors being related to gentrification. However, the previous studies provided confused relationships between bicycling facilities and gentrification from the evidence in North American cities. To fill up the research gap, this study aims at clarifying the causal effects among PBSs, gentrification and metro stations in Taipei, an East Asian developmental state capital city.
Three hypotheses are proposed according to literature review and stakeholder interviews. To examine the proposed hypotheses, sample data of PBS service accessibility, mass rapid transit (MRT) service accessibility and gentrification outcomes from 2011 to 2017 in Taipei were collected. This study adopts multiple linear regression models to verify the hypothetical relationships among PBS service accessibility, MRT service accessibility and gentrification.
The empirical evidence of this research confirms that increasing PBS service accessibility did not result in gentrification, gentrifying areas did raise PBS service accessibility and increasing MRT service accessibility is positively associated with gentrification and PBS service accessibility both. The contribution of this study is not only bridging the existing knowledge gap in literature but also reminding policy makers to conduct further comprehensive considerations in developing bike-friendly cities.

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