Asian Immigrants’ Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) situation in California

Authors: Yue Luo*, University At Buffalo
Topics: Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: Asian immigrants, CVD, cluster analysis
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 4:30 PM / 6:10 PM
Room: Tyler, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death both globally and in the U.S. Immigrants account for approximately 13 % of the U.S. population. Asian immigrants are the fastest growing racial/ethnical group in the U.S., with a growth rate of 46% from 2000 to 2010. Compared with US-born whites, all foreign-born racial/ethnical groups show lower rates of chronic disease. Among foreign-born racial/ethnical groups Asians/Pacific Islanders have the lowest overall mortality rate. CVD prevalence and mortality rates are closely related to socioeconomic status. Immigrants are affected by socioeconomic inequality, poor healthcare accessibility, and language barriers resulting in negative impacts on immigrants’ health. While the CVD mortality rates of Non-Hispanic white decreased from 2003 to 2010, a similar pattern cannot be observed for Asian immigrants. Due to the geographic level (county) of public data, it is difficult to conduct a refined spatial analysis of Asian immigrants’ CVD. Thus, I use geocoded data to apply cluster analysis to explore the spatial variation of Asian immigrants living in California and investigate the risk factors contributing to CVD. This study helps to understand the CVD situation of Asian immigrants living in California. The patterns of where Asian immigrants live can help to identify the areas that need to improve access to health care for people in need to have better treatment and interventions.

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