Human Trafficking: from the Past to the Present in the Indian Ocean region

Authors: Lucia Lovison*, Sat-Drones Afrtiterra Foundation
Topics: History of Geography, Human Rights, Historical Geography
Keywords: Geography of Human Trafficking
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Committee Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Human Trafficking from the Past to the Present on Indian Ocean is presented. Particularly, geospatial methods and different quantitative methods are discussed. First, an historical perspective on human trafficking is given, and three major areas are identified and discussed: the Atlantic slave trade, the Indian Ocean slave trade, and the Mediterranean slave trade. Definition are reported, comparisons among the three regions are given as well as a discussion of the role of the United States and maps are presented and discussed. Abolition of the United States occurred in 1809 and in Great Britain occurred in 1807. The U.S. Civil War (1861-1865), removed slavery from the U.S. Constitution. For the Atlantic region, Emory University has developed a database on the slavery. Abolition was at the end successful in the Atlantic Ocean. Not so, in the Indian Ocean region. In the Indian Ocean much less literature has been produced so far, even if slave revolts occurred in the 9th century and at the beginning of the 19th century, Maroon societies were reported in the Indian Ocean and cultural manifestation of the Africa diaspora were spread. It is discussed how the Indian Slave trade different from the Atlantic Slave trade. Some preliminary geospatial analysis is also presented and discussed. They involved mostly geographic information science, remote sensing: example are shown on how drones are used to eradicate slave labor. This legacy is also compared with the phenomenon of human trafficking how it is happening in this period.

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