Are Migrant Workers Disadvantaged in Job Accessibility? An Analysis Based on Cellular Data in Shenzhen, China

Authors: Xiaoguang Wang*, Central Michigan University, De Tong, School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen, China, Yu Zhang, School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen, China
Topics: Transportation Geography
Keywords: Job accessibility, migrant workers, Shenzhen, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Congressional B, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper focuses on job accessibility for migrant workers in Shenzhen, China. Job accessibility has been heavily studied in western countries, especially for disadvantaged groups such as low-income population, minority, and migrant workers. Existing western-based literature raised the concerns over poor job accessibility for disadvantaged groups caused by spatial mismatch between job and housing, poor transit access, and constraints in housing affordability at city centers. There has been increased interests in studying job accessibility for cities in developing countries, as these cities are rapidly urbanizing with a large number of migrant workers residing in urban areas. The results have been mixed – there are studies which showed a severe mismatch between job and housing while other studies showed job accessibility for the urban poor is not as bad as what has been shown in western countries. This study intends to contribute to the literature by examining job accessibility in Shenzhen, one of the most rapidly urbanized cities in China. Capitalizing on cell-phone data collected for all residents in the city, this study intends to compare job accessibility of permanent residents with that of migrant workers. The goal is to identify areas with poor job accessibility for migrant workers and propose policies which would improve equality of job accessibility.

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