The Fourth Reich? Global Dimensions of Neo-Nazism

Authors: Drew Arnum*, SUNY - Geneseo
Topics: Political Geography
Keywords: neo-nazi, alt-right, political geography
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Washington 5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Many in the United States argue that Donald Trump’s election has brought neo-Nazism into the mainstream, normalizing hateful and prejudiced rhetoric. This local rise in white supremacy, however, is indicative of a global trend. Over 40 countries currently have active neo-Nazi groups, with varying degrees of mainstream acceptance, from outright government support to strict illegality. Through an analysis of historical context and popularity, websites, blogs and online forums, speeches, and public events, this research categorizes hate groups based on their beliefs, methods, and national legitimacy. Neo-Nazi organizations often tailor their prejudice based on local issues and concerns in order to gain attention and cater to potential recruits’ resentments. Some prioritize visibility and recruitment, while others are more inward-facing. Some function as political parties, some are fringe “community groups,” and others are violent gangs. While neo-Nazism is not the norm in any country, this kind of far-right extremism has gained a global platform in the recent decade. This survey highlights spatial patterns differentiating neo-Nazism around the world, and somberly considers the fate of those countries ranking highest in this study, including Ukraine, Greece, and the United States.

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