Little Ladies on the move: Emerging trend of girl child street hawking in Kano Metropolis, Kano, Nigeria

Authors: Maryam Liman*, Bayero University, Kano, Sarfaddeen Kamilu Ila, Bayero University, Kano, Zainab Nuhu, Bayero University,Kano
Topics: Social Geography, Gender, Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: Young girls, hawking, education, child labour, social vices
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: 8228, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Street vending is a popular feature in most Nigerian cities and makes up about 70% of the urban informal economy sub-sector. This article examines an emerging trend of street hawking where young girls within the school-going age are involved. The specific objectives include identification of their origins, reasons for hawking, rationale for choice of hawking location and commodities been sold. A multi-stage sampling technique was used for data sourcing where purposive sampling identified drop-off locations in the metropolis, stratified random sampling was employed for identification of study location. Checklists guided both the Key Informant Interviews with the 178 girls (hawkers) and the In-depth interviews with their parents/guardians. Nvivo (content analysis) and GIS (hotspot) softwares were used and findings revealed that young girls come into Kano metropolis in buses from surrounding villages as early as 7:00am and leave from 5:00pm back to their origins. Reasons for hawking were identified as social and economic. Some were children of IDPs that fled from the North East. The choice of location for hawking is strategic and flowmaps were drawn to visualize the origin/destination. Commodities hawked include seasonal agricultural produce and indigenous foods unique to girls’ origin. Benefits of hawking include income generation, interaction, fashion and prospects of meeting spouses. Some effects are lack of both formal and Islamic education, child labour and exposure to social vices. Recommendations include creation of awareness on importance of education, teaching of self-defense techniques against molesters and being empowered at origin without daily movement to cities.

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