A Neighbourhood Commons Proposition based on A Comparison of The Gentrification Processes in the Global North, South and Japan

Authors: Meric Kirmizi*, Ondokuz Mayis University
Topics: Urban Geography
Keywords: Post-industrial urban change, urban decay, gentrification, Japanese city, neighbourhood commons
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 3:55 PM / 5:35 PM
Room: Washington 5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The inner-city void following deindustrialization and suburbanization, has been refilled through various forms of post-industrial urban change, including gentrification among others, such as redevelopment, regeneration, revitalization, compact city, creative city, sustainable city, and smart city. Gentrification of all types of post-industrial urban change implicated a sense of agency most strongly. Furthermore, gentrification was not a single, homogeneous phenomenon, but rather had different types and characteristics that depended largely on geography. The supporters of gentrification showed physical upgrading, recovery from deprivation, social balance or mix, class mobility, and local tax income as its benefits. On the other hand, social costs of these urban revitalization processes, such as social inequality and polarization were criticized. Theorists and practitioners created a range of solutions from radical change to improvements by good urban planning or simply, holding one's ground. This research is an attempt to find a solution in the Japanese context based on earlier work on gentrification in Japanese cities and an empirical study in an Osaka neighbourhood. The study presents how Japanese post-industrial urban change compares with the gentrification of the larger moulds of Global North and South. The paper is concluded by suggesting the notion of "neighbourhood commons" as an alternative to the existing urban revitalization schemes.

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