Living in Peace: Community-based culture of sustainable peace in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Authors: Zainab Nuhu*, Bayero University, Kano, Maryam liman, Bayero University, Kano, Sharfaddeen Kamilu Ilah, Bayer University, Kano
Topics: Development, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Social Geography
Keywords: Keywords: Peace, sustainability, community-based, local strategies, stakeholders
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Cleveland 1, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The major peace themes globally indicate the need for attaining peace, the roads to recovery, post conflict reconstruction and the culture of sustainable peace (IPINST, 2018, UN, 2018, World Youth Forum, 2018). This paper is aimed at identifying the local strategies for sustaining peace in some communities that have experienced conflicts in Nasarawa State. Objectives of the study are; identifying stakeholders, dispute settlement strategies, de-escalation and prevention of conflicts and strategies for peace and its sustainability. Samples were drawn purposively to identify communities that have experienced conflicts in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling was used to select study locations. A total of 8 communities were selected. Data were sourced from ACLED, Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corp (NSCDC) and researcher constructed data from field work. Key Informant Interviews were conducted with stakeholders identified in communities. Nvivo and Arcmap were used to analyze data. Themes and subthemes were assigned to explain findings and spatial distribution of study locations were mapped. Findings revealed that each community has its unique strategies for sustaining peace. Stakeholders for sustaining peace include traditional leaders, ethnic group leaders, women groups, youth associations, NGOs and political leaders. Strategies for peace are dialogue, peace meetings, compensations, inter-marriages, peace treaties, awareness campaigns and markets. Most triggers of conflicts were identified and the ways to tackle them were enumerated. Respondents advocates for Government participation and funding of peace initiatives.

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