Mapping Access to Health Services in Nigeria

Authors: Sainan Zhang*, UNFPA, Lorant Czaran, UNFPA, Mohamed Abd salam ElVilaly, UNFPA
Topics: Applied Geography, Medical and Health Geography, Africa
Keywords: Health facilities, population, access
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Truman, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This research investigated the spatial distribution of health facilities and its relationship with population in Nigeria. Master list of health facilities collected by eHealth in 2019 with their attribute information and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) were obtained to produce visual maps of health facility catchment area. These maps illustrated the locations of health facilities, road linkages and service coverage measured by distance and travel time along streets. Population estimates in 2019 generated by WorldPop and Demographic and Health Survey data were used to link demographic and health information with health services. Results of the research provide valuable knowledge for local decision makers to understand the extent geographic distributions of health facilities might impact people's actual use of health services, and to identify the mismatch areas where health facilitates and services need to be strengthened. This research is part of the the Geo-Referenced Infrastructure and Demographic Data for Development (GRID3) initiative, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development. It is implemented by the United Nations Population Fund, WorldPop at the University of Southampton and Flowminder, and coordinated by Columbia University’s Center for International Earth Science Information Network.

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