Authors: Mayang Puteri*, The University of Manchester
Keywords: citizen participation, urban governance, self-governance
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Stones Throw 2 - Slate, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Community participation as a tool of local governance is a shift from state-led initiaves towards community-driven action. A collective voice means creating significant change and new opportunities for communities to participate at lower level democratization. This is especially relevant in countries where decentralization and democratization have led to increased local-level participation. However, the potential of participation is diverted into a formal structured mechanism, while decisions from the local residents' inherent unequal system. The current critiques of participation’s potential from practices in informal settlements, particularly informal urban fishing communities, reflects benefits of state-led strategies rather than community practices. This research seeks to understand the synergies between participatory practices of state-led and community-driven initiatives as well as the tensions between the two approaches in shaping public infrastructure and services in coastal communities. Based on qualitative research in three communities in Manado, Indonesia, it examines how the provisions of state-led initiatives with the communities’ experiences through comparative participatory practices. Exploration of varying variables such as different cultures of engagement and political administration as well as specific settings and how it shapes the communities’ activities further contextualise local-level participatory planning and its implication towards urban development and new urban agenda.