Women Participation in Ecotourism Development Within the Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana: Implications for Community Planning

Authors: COLLINS ADJEI MENSAH*, University of Cape Coast
Topics: Gender, Planning Geography
Keywords: women, participation, ecotourism, community planning, Kakum, Ghana
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Maryland B, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Participation of women is now being encouraged in community development projects. However, in Africa this has received mixed reactions with women not often getting the necessary participation as expected. The paper assessed the level of participation of women in the management of the Kakum Conservation Area in Ghana focusing on selected communities surrounding the conserved area. Using a simple random sampling technique, 169 women were selected for the study. Questionnaire was the main research instrument relied on whilst inferential statistical tools such as independent sample T-Test, One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and Binary Logistic Regression were employed. The findings of the study revealed induced level of participation of women in ecotourism developments as many women participate mainly for material gains. There was also generally low level of satisfaction of women on eco-tourism development projects. This defeats the genuine participation goal of community planning. It is therefore recommended that District Assemblies in the study area and environmental related organisations should make concerted efforts to empower women through the provision of skills, leadership positions and social interaction platforms. This will enable women to be part of the development/management structures of ecotourism development projects to boost their active participation.

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