Migration impact on the scale of territorial inequalities and spatial justice in Poland

Authors: Tomasz Komornicki*, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences
Topics: Migration, Economic Geography
Keywords: migration, spatial justice, Poland
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Directors Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Presently in Poland migration to western European countries are compensated by immigration from Ukraine, and increasingly also from other countries (Belarus, India, Nepal). Same time intensive domestic migrations are caused by concentration of work places in the several metropolitan areas, whereas local are mainly due to suburbanization. Migration movements generate secondary growth in daily and facultative mobility. This results from longer-distance commuting trips to work and to the services of general interests, as well also from trips associated with paying visits to family living often in distant, peripheral areas. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the impact of migration on inequalities in development and spatial justice, by means of several complementary methods: a) correlation of development (GDP, wages, transport accessibility) and migration indicators in local territorial units; b) road traffic distribution modelling, based on theoretical assumption that the traffic is wholly generated by migration; c) surveys in regions with a high level of migration outflow. It was found that migrations partially limit the development differences in the scale of larger regions. At the same time, their impact on local differences in the quality of life of residents can be negative. The reasons are the disturbance of the demographic structure, the collapse of some services of general interests and transport exclusion. The paper was prepared based on the results of the several projects including: a) HORIZON2020 IMAJINE and b) “Comprehensive modelling of passenger road traffic in Poland, with identification of its socio-economic features” funded by National Science CentreDEC-2012/05/B/HS4/0414 7

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