A Comparison of Land Use Change and Urbanization between Beijing and Shanghai in China using GIS and Multi-temporal Remote Sensing

Authors: HAONAN SUN*, UC Santa Barbara, Keith Clarke, University of California, Santa Barbata
Topics: China, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: urbanization, land use change, Beijing, Shanghai
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Senate Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

China, a major developing country in East Asia, underwent a restrained urbanization pattern until the early 1980s due to strict administrative policies discouraging intra-country migration. After economic reforms in 1978, the central government has encouraged economic growth especially at the municipal administrative level. Since then, agglomeration of economic development among the different regions in China has accelerated rapidly. This economic agglomeration has led to different types of urbanization across different Chinese regions, among which the differences between Beijing and Shanghai are quite typical. To investigate the differences of urbanization between these two cities, we mapped historical urban growth and used the SLEUTH Model to simulate and predict the urbanization process in the future. Models of driving factors, especially economic factors in Beijing and Shanghai were built using the method of Factor Analysis separately. The driving factors were combined with transportation and land use cover data, for visualizing and predicting urbanization using the SLEUTH Model. We discovered that Beijing and Shanghai expanded their urban areas rapidly after 2005 from their central urban areas. Shanghai undertook more economic activity within city neighborhoods than Beijing because of the dynamic nature of trade in Shanghai.

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