The “Belt and Road” Initiative and its impacts on China’s border regions’ development

Authors: HUI LIU*, IGSNRR
Topics: China, Economic Geography, Regional Geography
Keywords: the “Belt and Road” , border regions’ development, China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Roosevelt 4.5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The implementation of the “Belt and Road” Initiative makes China’s border regions become the front for inland opening and international cooperation, which would have great impacts on the border areas’ development. Based on the comprehensively discussion about the mechanism of the construction of the “Belt and Road” on the development of the border area, this paper selected 137 counties (cities) along the border of China as the basic unit, and analyzed the overall impact and regional differentiation of the “Belt and Road”. Results shows: ①The construction of the “Belt and Road” mainly through improving the geo-political environment and location conditions of the border area to attract industry and population agglomeration, thereby enhance the development vitality of the border areas. ② The construction of the “Belt and Road” has significant impacts on the border cities through which six international economic corridors passed, which would promote further polarization on the development of border area. ③There are obvious regional differences in the impacts of the construction of the "Belt and Road" on the border areas. It promoted rapid development in the border areas of Xinjiang, Yunnan and Guangxi, but limited effect on the development of the Northeast and Tibet border regions. ④The development of border counties (cities) is influenced not only by national policy, such as the “Belt & Road” Initiative, but also closely related with the macroeconomic development conditions of provinces that they belong to and neighboring countries.

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