The value allocation and China’s evolving role in the global value chains of iPhone parts

Authors: Kang Jiangjiang*, , Ning Yueming, School of Urban and Regional Science,ECNU
Topics: China, Economic Geography, Urban Geography
Keywords: distribution pattern of value; global value chain; iPhone parts; China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: 8229, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Based on the data of Apple suppliers in 2012 and 2017, this paper proposes an empirical analysis of the global value chain of iPhone parts, and the changing role of Chinese enterprises according to the cost value of different parts of mobile phone. The conclusions are as follows. Firstly, the key parts of suppliers mainly locate in United States, Japan, and South Korea, and they are in the core of value chain governance; while the important and general components are mainly from Japan and China mainland and Taiwan. Secondly, the production of most parts are completed in mainland China and Southeast Asia. In recent years, the status of “world factory” as a general parts of iPhone of China has been further consolidated, but at the same time, breakthroughs have been made in some important links of value chains, and gradually climbed to the high end of value-added chain. Thirdly, There have formed iPhone’s parts industry clusters in Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, where have become the main base for Chinese enterprises to embed in iPhone’s global value chain. Cheng-Yu, not only undertakes the layout of chip companies, but also undertakes the assembly and packaging services at the low value-added chain., showing the characteristics of two-way acceptance at both ends of the value chain. The areas around Bo Hai, Fujian, Hunan and other places mainly undertake the medium value-added chain, while The Central Plains mainly undertakes mobile assembly and packaging services to undertake the low value-added chain.

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