New Urban Governance for spatio-social Justice: Urban Governance for Sustainability in South Africa.

Authors: Simphiwe Enoch Mini*, University of South Africa
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: New Urban Governance; Sustainability; Spatial Justice; Spatial-social Justice; Decentralisation of Political-economic power
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Stones Throw 2 - Slate, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Urban governance became for a range of reasons, the mantra for development for both developed and developing countries. For developing countries rapid urbanisation and the increasing size of large cities has made the cities not only centres of development and economic power driving national economies but also have acquired political functions. In these countries, urban governance is designed to address the `urban problem’ at different scales. In developed countries, urban governance is designed amongst other things to deal with the complexity of globalisation at various economic, political and social scales. Embedded in the concept of `urban governance’ are various strategies and programmes to promote decentralisation of economic and political power and decision making for democratisation. In South Africa urban governance emerged as a response to the challenge of urban spatial desegregation; decentralisation of political power and decision-making. Urban governance systems are designed as a strategy to eradicate racially based social-economic inequalities on one hand and on other hand to address a growing complexity of governing cities in a globalizing and multilevel context. Using data from national and local government institutions this paper present a critical review of urban governance strategies as implemented Tshwane Metropolitan municipality. The extent to which `urban governance strategies’ have facilitated urban spatial integration, and has developed social cohesion through reduction of racially based socio-economic inequalities. The conclusion drawn in this study that for developing countries the systems of `urban governance’ are constrained by numerous social, economic and political conditions not prevalent in urban environments of developed

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