Urban and rural poverty in China: from the perspective of time, space, and group

Authors: Xuepeng Ji*,
Topics: China, Population Geography
Keywords: urban poverty; rural poverty; poverty group; spatial-temporal differentiation; China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: 8229, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Poverty, as one of the world's famous "3P" problems (poverty, population, pollution), still lingers like a "ghost" in the development of human society. Since the reform and opening up in 1978, China's poor population has plummeted, making important contributions to world poverty reduction. In the past decades, China has experienced a rapid economic growth and social transformation. In this paper, by using the minimum living security statistical data from Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China, we analyzed the spatial-temporal differentiation of urban and rural poverty across different scales (national, provincial and municipal level) from 2008 to 2017. Then, from the perspective of different poverty group, we analyzed the differences and similarities of the four main poverty in the urban and rural region, including the female, the elderly, the minors, and the disabled poverty group. The spatial-temporal differentiation of urban and rural poverty and the comparison of different poverty group, will provide the scientific basis and reference for the implementation of the strategy of "precise poverty alleviation in China", meanwhile will help to better understand and recognize poverty in the world.

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