Evolution of China's transportation geography since reform and opening-up: patterns and regular rules

Authors: Fengjun Jin*,
Topics: Transportation Geography, China, Development
Keywords: Transport geographic pattern, spatial effect, spatial order, evolutionary principle, China
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

During the 40-year reforming and opening-up, historic changes have been seen in the transport geographic pattern of China. Understanding the pattern, its evolutionary characteristics and regularity are significant for future transportation construction and territorial development. This paper reviewed the process of transportation construction in China and investigated the evolutionary characteristics and space effects of transport geographic pattern with the technology in big data mining and GIS. Also, this paper analyzed the principle of transport geographic evolution from the aspects of stages, structures, and orders, founding that China’s transportation construction entered the stage of developing in advance appropriately and improving quality. The construction mode has upgraded from ‘scale expansion’ driven by capital to ‘quality improvement’ driven by innovation. The development direction has varied from ‘local prior development’ to ‘comprehensive coordinated development’. The rapid growth and development of transportation networks have influenced the relationship between time and space. The resulting space convergence and dominance pattern are coupling with economic and social distribution, which facilitates the development of the socioeconomic spatial structure. Consequently, the territorial development that is traditionally centralized by corridors has changed into the networked mode with the core of metropolis and urban agglomerations. China has been evolving from the stage of completing its systematic structure to the stage of order differentiation. Simultaneously, the socioeconomic pattern has changed from the corridor structure to the hub-and-spoke structure with a preliminary ordered network. As transportation networks grow and expand, China’s functional spatial structure and ordered network will be gradually stabilized and balanced.

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