Authors: Jonathan Kozar*, Marshall University
Topics: Economic Geography, Urban Geography
Keywords: economic geography, knowledge services, employment
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: 8223, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Consideration of Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) or advanced service research was initiated with the emergence of a service based economy in the 1980’s as the United States shifted away from manufacturing industry dominance. Initial research recognized an uneven concentration at the top of the urban hierarchy, but as KIBS developed over time they began to diffuse down the urban hierarchy into smaller metropolitan areas. Disaggregating KIBS industries would uncover underlying differences within industries in terms of level of service, which becomes more significant as KIBS evolve into multifaceted systems comprised of both high and low order services. The Computer Service (CS) industry presents the ideal industry to assess modern metropolitan economic growth of KIBS. As an industry it is significant but may have its greatest influence across all industries in support of the technological infrastructure needed to support advanced services and manufacturing operations. Technological advancements in computing and computing technologies promote the need for CS employment across all geographies. This paper examines the location and concentration of the CS industry in metropolitan United States. There is an overall concentration of CS employment in the largest or more robust metropolitan areas but diffusion has occurred down the urban hierarchy. Some of the greatest growth in CS is found in smaller metropolitan areas but concentrations remain in the largest. In addition, concentrations are found in metropolitan areas home to government centers, universities, and/or centers of computing technologies.