Effects of land use transitions driven by aging on agricultural production in China’s farming area: A perspective from changing labor employing quantity in planting industry

Authors: Liu Wen Liao*, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research
Topics: China
Keywords: Aging of rural population; Urbanization; Land use transition; Plantation structure; The Huang-Huai-Hai Region
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Committee Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The impact of rural population aging on agricultural production is an important issue for implementing the comprehensive rural vitalization strategy in China. In this paper, the planting structure is converted into and measured by the amount of labor employing quantity in planting industry with the 2000 and 2010 census data and crop planting area data at county level. By establishing the elasticity coefficient of population aging - labor quantity and taking the coupling relation between the rural population aging and the change of crop production quantity in the Huang-Huai-Hai region (HHH) into account, the influence of population aging on the recessive transition of land use and agricultural production is analyzed. The results show that the aging level of rural population in the HHH has maintained an overall growth rate of 27.03% during 2000-2010. During the research period, the labor employing quantity in planting industry decreased by 14.18%, which was mainly distributed among the western of Shandong hilly region, Taihang and Yanshan mountainous region and the eastern part of the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain agricultural region. The spatial coupling relationship between the aging of rural population and the changes of labor employing quantity in planting industry presented diversified patterns. During 2000-2010, the number of counties with three different coupling modes, i.e., population aging increasing and labor employing quantity decreasing, both increasing of population aging and labor employing quantity and both decreasing of population aging and labor employing quantity, account for 84.90%, 11.11% and 3.7%, respectively.

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