Spatial Accessibility of the Day and Night Care Services in the Seoul Metropolitan Area

Authors: Kyunghee Rhyu*, The University of Texas at Dallas, Yongwan Chun, The University of Texas at Dallas, Jungyeop Shin, Seoul National University
Topics: Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: Day and night care service, Spatial accessibility, 2SFCA, Seoul Metropolitan Area
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Truman, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The interest and demand on elderly welfare services in South Korea have increased since the last decade because of its rapid increase of elderly population. Welfare facilities for an elderly population are very important to provide health and medical care. Among the elderly welfare facilities, a demand for the day and night care service (DNCS) that assists old people with limited mobility has recently increased. One potential problem is that the locations of the current DNCS facilities in the Seoul metropolitan area have been decided without consideration of the physical disadvantages of elderly people. This location issue can potentially lead to low accessibility to the DNCS for elderly people. This study measures spatial accessibility to the DNCS facilities in the Seoul metropolitan area using the two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method from 2003 to 2018. Then, service facilities with a substantially low spatial accessibility for the elderly population were identified. In addition, this study proposes a set of conditions for the locations of new service facilities and then compares the spatial accessibility under these conditions with spatial accessibility with the current service locations.

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