Rural Development Characteristics and Evolution in Central and Western China——and A Discussion on Rural Revitalization

Authors: Xiaowen Shang*,
Topics: China, Agricultural Geography
Keywords: Rural development characteristics; rural revitalization; central and western China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: 8217, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The reform and opening-up, which began in 1978, have contributed to China's rapid economic development, with its gross domestic product rising from 300 billion yuan to more than 80 trillion yuan in 2017. Economic growth has accelerated the pace of urbanization and driven the development and variation in rural areas. However, the imbalance of development between the central and western regions of China and the large difference in rural development among regions have become increasingly prominent. Based on the rural panel data of the central and western regions of China from 1995 to 2015, this paper establishes a rural development evaluation system to analyse its development characteristics and evolution rules, as well as the main factors that limit rural development. The results show that the characteristics of rural development in central and western China have changed in different periods, and the level of rural development in central China is significantly higher than that in western China, but there is also volatility. Therefore, clarifying the rural development rules and restrictive factors in the central and western regions is the foundation for further development and all-round well-off society, and also provides some reference for the world's rural revitalization.

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