Gentrification in China: the process and impact

Authors: Xigang Zhu*, , Jian Jin, Nanjing university
Topics: China
Keywords: gentrification, middle class, urbanization, China
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Gentrification used to occur in the developed countries during post-suburbanization in a global context. However, China has already experienced this process in advance during the urbanization stage. Focusing on the practice of China's middle class for more than 10 years, the rise of the middle class has its objective basis and conditions which is different from the western. There are three characteristics of the gentrification process in China: Government + market, inventory + increment, and superior location + gated community. In the international situation of globalization and the domestic situation of the transition of the urban planning, China's gentrification is shifting from planning gentrification to self-organization gentrification. The study believes that the practice of gentrification is an important signal of the bloom of China's middle class. It has become a new driving force for social transformation and development. As a higher platform to maintain urban vitality and continue to promote urbanization, the middle class is leading this transformation. The development of gentrification is conducive to expanding domestic demand and forcing the structural reform on the supply side. Promoting the middle-class culture contributes to the improvement of the quality of life in both urban and rural area. Rationally responding to the rise of the middle class and the social-spatial effects of gentrification is a new issue that requires more long-term attention and researches.

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