Complex Global Framings for Landscape Centered REDD+

Authors: Emma Lord*,
Topics: Sustainability Science, Land Use and Land Cover Change, Latin America
Keywords: climate mitigation, deforestation, muliti-site ethnography
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Forum Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


This paper examines the complexity of environmental narratives on a global scale. Global concerns, including deforestation, climate and feeding the world sound worthy at a general level of abstraction. Yet the specific implementation of these ideals, inevitably involve twisted logics. Power discrepancies separate policy outcomes from objectives in their global transitions from North to South. For instance, the Roundtable for Responsible Palm Oil in Colombia forms part of the mechanism for Reducing Emissions for Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) Phase II. Agriculture as a mitigation option for climate change entered the global arena from 2010 at COP16 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Landscape centered REDD+ (Phase II) within the forestry policy discourse widens its scope and content to include linkages between forests and other forms of land use. Through REDD+ Phase II, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) has invested 1,275,000 Euros in 2011-2012 and 4,515,000 Euros from 2013 – 2015 in creating Commodity Roundtables in Colombia, for soy, palm oil, sugar cane and beef. How has the challenge of addressing deforestation become linked to the challenge of feeding the world and questions of food security, through the global policy of Landscape Centred REDD+? As dominant institutional framings are defined by powerful groups, logics become enclosed within a self-referential cycle. Neoliberal agendas for agrobiotechnologies intertwine private interests with public-sector research institutes and governments, creating ‘science in the public interest. How has the legitimacy of these roundtables and standards become contested on the ground?

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