Experiences and coping strategies by mental health patients in Ghana: A scoping review.

Authors: Braimah Asumah Joseph *, Queen's University, Mark W Rosenberg, Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University, Elijah Bisung, School of Kinesiology and Health Studies
Topics: Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: Care, mental health, Ghana, Scoping review
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

Evidence show that experiences of individuals with mental illness and the coping strategies adopted to manage their situation differs for the general population. An understanding of these experiences and coping mechanisms is cardinal to providing care for these persons. The aim of this review is therefore to identify and synthesis the existing literature on experiences and coping mechanisms of mental health patients in Ghana. We conducted a search of published articles on mental health in Ghana using CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and SCOPUS. Fourteen articles met our inclusion criteria. The everyday experiences of people with mental illness can be categorised into four interrelated themes, namely, financial, psychosocial, environmental, and physical. Seeking care from both conventional and orthodox sources, membership of faith-based organizations, counselling, and self-motivation emerged as the main coping mechanisms adopted to manage with mental illness. Our findings reveal that research on the experiences and coping mechanisms adopted by persons with mental illness are scarce in Ghana. This has implications for the design and implementation of appropriate mental health care services in Ghana.

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