Impact of distance to market areas and household food security in Seme sub-county of Kenya

Authors: Maction Komwa*, George Mason University, Maction K Komwa, Department of Geography and Geoinformation Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 , Constance Awuor Gewa, Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030., Bonnie Stabile, Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030.
Topics: Agricultural Geography, food systems, Africa
Keywords: Market accessibility, food security, spatial models. GIS
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: Buchanan, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Geographical market accessibility is an important determinant factor in shaping rural people’s livelihoods. Markets play a crucial role to small-scale and subsistence farmers in the production of crops and consumption. Small-scale farmers in Seme sub-county of Kenya depends on subsistence farming, which contributes to their household dietary. A longitudinal study was conducted from December 2016 to July 2017 in Seme sub-County of Kisumu County. This study evaluated the contribution of indigenous foods towards food security and nutrition. A statistical model complemented by a spatial model were developed to determine the impact of distance to market for households in the study area.

Out of 227 participants, 35.4% reported to have traveled up to half a kilometer to the nearest market. Respondents who reported to have traveled to market centers for more than half a kilometer to a kilometer (km) were about 14.2%; 2 – 5 km (32.6%); 6-9 km (12.1%) and about 5.7% of respondents reported to have covered a 10 km or more distance to reach their nearest market. Results from this study suggest that rural households of Seme sub-county are challenged with substantial distances to reach their nearest market to buy and sell agricultural produce. Market accessibility in rural smallholder households could contribute directly to a more diversified nutritional food produce and improved food security.

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