Problems of Agro-pastoral Adaptation and Resilience in the Upper Noun Valley

Authors: Richard Mbih*, Pennsylvania State University
Topics: Africa, Agricultural Geography, Cultural and Political Ecology
Keywords: Agro-pastoralism, environmental change, Upper Noun Valley, resilience, sustainable agricultural development
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Jackson, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Though agro-pastoralism remained the main production system in Sub-Saharan Africa, its future in communities across the region is very uncertain following increasing environmental challenge due to population growth, infrastructural development, climate change, and changing land tenure policies that does not adequately protect farming and grazing lands for local farmers and herders. In the Upper Noun Valley (UNV), where this research is based, population growth and urban expansion, climate change and environmental degradation, and as well as poorly adopted and implementation of rural development projects and agricultural innovation practices such as the construction of the Bamendjin Dam on the Noun River, unplanned agricultural expansion, intensive use of chemical fertilizers, herbicides and ecto-parasites in agro-pastoral production by farmers and herders have challenged local adaptation strategies and resilience to seasonal agricultural production in the UNV. Traditional adaptation strategies like the proper timing of agro-pastoral activities such as seasonal crop cultivation and transhumance periods are no longer respected by farmers and Fulani herders in the region due to climatic variability and environmental change. This study aims at identifying and addressing problems of agro-pastoral production in the UNV using experts and indigenous knowledge of each agro-ecological landscape of the region based on field research for a sustainable agricultural development.

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