Influence of neighbors’ attitudes on the heterogeneity of vegetation cover in parks belonging a self-build residential area in Lima

Authors: Victor Pena-Guillen*, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
Topics: Urban Geography, Landscape, Social Geography
Keywords: Urban parks, Informal urbanization, Stakeholder perception, Lima
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Empire Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Villa El Salvador-VES is an urban settlement that was developed in the 70’s in a desert area south of Lima. Residential configuration in VES comprises 120 housing sectors with 16 blocks per sector. Each sector has a centrally-located communal area that includes space for a park.
People self-organization was fundamental during land occupation process in VES; it helped to set the urban layout. Urban fabric of VES is characterized by the heterogeneous physical conditions of blocks, because of self-building process that generates houses in different stages of construction. It is also notorious the heterogeneous land cover of public spaces and attached parks. Currently, space reserved for parks have scarce vegetation. Using the spatial analysis, this study analyzes green space cover and the neighbor’s attitudes toward both use and serviceability of the parks. We hypothesized that neighborhood socioeconomic conditions should offer some capacity for predicting park vegetation scarcity within the residential sectors.
Spatial land cover composition of parks in 30 sectors of VES was identified and quantified. Obtained values were then evaluated through ANOVA test. Preliminary results confirm the independent variation of surface in barren areas located in parks across sectors; it also indicates that the other land cover types keep similar proportions and thus are probably independent of the social conditions in the neighborhood. Field surveys are proposed to explore the relevance of the social dimension in the development of parks and to identify the causes of the observed heterogeneity in vegetation cover.

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