Undocumented History – Revolutionary Supply Routes in Southern New Jersey

Authors: Jonathan Richard Peters*, The City University of New York, Caroline Nicole Peters, Rutgers University, Cameron Elliot Gordon, University of Canberra
Topics: Historical Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems, Transportation Geography
Keywords: Historical,GIS, GPS,Revolutionary War,New Jersey
Session Type: Guided Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Roosevelt 3.5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper explores the identification of and the potential for enhanced historical interpretation of Revolutionary War supply routes in the State of New Jersey. As stated in the New Jersey Historic Roadway Study Survey (NJHRS-2011) from New Jersey’s Department of Transportation there is a need to “Identify routes significant for an association with Revolutionary War troop movements and supply routes”. This study looks to directly address this research question for an area that represents both a significant portion of the state (about 26% of land area) as well as an area that was apparently not studied in detail in the 2011 report due to the rural and unimproved state of the roads in question. Their largely unimproved state also means that they retain a high level of historic fabric and thus this is exactly why their documentation and preservation is of such importance. Using the criteria established in the NJHRS, the authors examine the historical significance of a number of unpaved routes that continue to exist in Burlington County, New Jersey as well as discuss various methods that can be used to identify routes with cultural importance. Comparison of the documented current location of existing routes in published map resources will be compared to historical maps and Revolutionary War records. We then explore the historical context of these roads and have identified likely routes that were used as critical Revolutionary War supply routes and also a significant incident that contributed in part to Benedict Arnold’s treason against the United States.

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