Spatial Inequality and Influencing Factors of Residents’ Self-rated Health and Environmental Hazard Perception: a case study of Zhengzhou City,China

Authors: Hongbo Zhao*,
Topics: China, Urban Geography
Keywords: resident self-rate health; environmental perception; spatial inequality; influencing factors; Zhengzhou city
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/3/2019
Start / End Time: 2:35 PM / 4:15 PM
Room: Taylor, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The research of environmental pollution and health has aroused an increasing concern in the word. Based on a large-scale questionnaire survey in Zhengzhou in 2016, this paper studies spatial differentiation and the key influencing factors of self-rated health and perceived environmental hazards in Zhengzhou on the micro-scale by using GIS spatial analysis technology, multiple linear regression model and logistic regression model. The following conclusions could be drawn: (1) The perception of residents’ self-rated health was generally at a moderate level. (2) The spatial inequality of residents' health perception was evident, which showed obviously characteristics of Low in the core-High in the periphery, namely, the health levels in the central city regions were lower, while the suburban regions had higher health levels. (3) The individual with the different socioeconomic attributes have significantdifference in their own health perception. With the age growing, the perception of health was getting worse, in particular, the people over 60 years old have the worst perception of health conditions; the proportion of highly-educated and high-income people who considered their health as excellent or good was far greater than the proportion of low-educated and low-income residents; the effect of the gender and the marital status on health perception was not obvious; the more distance between residence and workplaces, the lower proportion of people who felt excellent or good of their health, meanwhile, the location of sub-district had a remarkable effect on residents' health perception.

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