Paleoenvironmental Change and Urban Abandonment in the Early and Middle Bronze Age Levant

Authors: Steven Falconer, UNC Charlotte - Academic Advisor, Steven Porson*, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Patricia Fall, UNC Charlotte - Academic Advisor
Topics: Environmental Science, Paleoenvironmental Change, Middle East
Keywords: paleoenvironment, paleoecology, environmental, climate, isotope, Near East, Levant, Bronze Age
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

This study uses stable isotope analysis of seeds from ancient cultivated crops to test hypotheses for the collapse of Bronze Age cities in the Middle East. Preliminary analysis of seeds excavated from Early and Middle Bronze Age settlements in Jordan (~2500-1600 cal BC) suggests generally decreased water availability and increased temperatures during Early Bronze Age collapse, followed by improved conditions during Middle Bronze Age urban redevelopment. More detailed dissertation analysis will test the specific hypothesis that there was an initial period of drought and diminished rainfall at the end of the Early Bronze III, followed by a brief return to more stable conditions in the mid-Early Bronze IV, then a second aridification at the end of Early Bronze IV before the climate began to improve at the beginning of the Middle Bronze.

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