The Future for Urban Spaces and Indigenous Health in Canada: a Systematic Literature Review

Authors: Nicole Goodbrand*, Queen's University
Topics: Indigenous Peoples, Geography and Urban Health, Urban Geography
Keywords: Urban Indigenous Health, Urban Geography, Canada, Land, Social and spatial (in)justice in the city, wholistic health, Colonialism
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Colonialism and its legacy continue to have profound impacts on Indigenous peoples’ health - physically, spiritually, emotionally, and mentally – and the consequences are particularly evident in urban settings despite recent attempts at reconciliation, relationship, and community building. Disparities continue to exist both among and between First Nations, Metis, and Inuit populations, with Indigenous peoples collectively disproportionality affected by lower life expectancy, higher rates of disease, higher mortality, and higher rates of infant mortality in comparison to non-Indigenous Canadian citizens.
Focusing on healthy urban environments in Canada and other comparator nations (e.g., Australia, New Zealand, and the US), this presentation will highlight approaches and understandings of a healthy decolonized urban space through a systematic review of existing literature. Recognizing that decolonization is a continuing process, this review will introduce what a decolonized urban space – one fundamentally focused on all aspects of health – could entail and what physical, spiritual, emotional, or mental forms it could take in the Canadian context.

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