A study on the local government's policies in response to gentrification : The case of Seoul, South Korea.

Authors: Hyunjin Cho*, kyunghee university
Topics: Social Geography, Asia, Urban Geography
Keywords: Gentrification, Anti-gentrification, Local government, Seongdong-gu, Urban entrepreneurialism, Dualism of local government
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download


Based on the political-economic perception that gentrification takes place in the process of the production of capitalist place, this research examines how gentrification, which is centered on displacement of land users, is facilitated and controlled by the intervention of local governments. This study focuses on the attempt of the local governments’ transition from the urban incubator (‘gentrifiers’) to an alternative governance (‘anti-gentrifier’), and takes a look at their potential and limitations.
While Seongdong-gu’s(Seoul) anti-gentrification policy is aimed at preventing a class-based spatial reorganization as a part of the neoliberalistic trend, it is still limited to certain locations and targets. It is shown that local governments are creating symbolic and exceptional spaces that present an alternative urban space of anti-gentrification. But in overall, they are still following the overall trend of neo-liberalism. It can also be understood that the local governments recognize gentrification as a place-specific phenomenon that only occurs in certain commercialized areas. So if gentrification is recognized as a common phenomenon that produces capitalist space rather than limiting it to a certain time and space, various stakeholders who experience displacement may be included in many policy discussions.

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