Using Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS modeling to Detect New Potential Sites for Geothermal Energy Along the Gulf of Suez Rift, Egypt.

Authors: Amr Fahil*, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Tanta University, Eman Ghoneim, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Mohamed Atef Noweir, Tanta University, Alaa Masoud, Tanta University
Topics: Energy, Middle East, Resources
Keywords: Geothermal Energy, Geographically Weighted Regression, Weighted Sum analysis, Satellite Remote Sensing, Gulf of Suez Rift.
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The northwestern Red Sea-Gulf of Suez rift system is among the most important areas for geothermal development in Egypt. This area is characterized by superÔ¨Ācial thermal manifestations, including a cluster of hot springs with various temperatures; consequently it could be of a vital economic importance for geothermal energy exploitation. Fieldwork and geospatial techniques were used in the present work to map new potential sites for geothermal energy exploration besides the known ones. Field data, obtained from 197 offshore and onshore deep oil wells in the Gulf of Suez, along with digital elevation model (DEM), thermal infrared satellite data, Fractures density, and geological data were used in this study to detect potential new geothermal sites. The Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) and the Weighted Sum analysis enabled the exploration of spatially varying relationships between the geothermal gradient, heat flow, thermal conductivity, and factors that controlling them. The GWR model offered a flexible exploratory tool to define new promising resources for the geothermal energy along both sides of the Gulf of Suez zone. Research outcomes revealed that the southwestern region of the Gulf of Suez, in particular, is among the areas that could hold high geothermal potential, higher heat flow, and thermal conductivity, thus this region require more attention for future geothermal exploration. The present approach could be adopted to highlight new promising sites for geothermal energy in other similar places in Egypt and East Africa.

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