The Short-term and Long-term Effects of Environmental Pollution on Health Capital

Authors: Huali Xiang*, School of Public Administration,Zhongnan University of Economics and Law,Wuhan 430073,China;Department of Geography, Kent State University,Kent,OH 44240,USA , Jun Yang, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Youye Zhang, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law
Topics: Population Geography, China, Environment
Keywords: Environmental Pollution, Health Capital, Long-term and Short-term Effects, Health Production Function
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download


This paper analyzes the long-term and short-term effects of environmental pollution on health capital based on the macro health production function, and uses panel data of China for 2002-2017. The results show that in the short term, across the country, with number of industrial smoke dust increasing 1 percentage, number of seeing a doctor for per resident will increase by 0.24 percentage. This effect is still significant in East China and West China, while in Middle China it is affected by industrial wastewater, and with number of chemical oxygen demand per unit area increasing 1 percentage, number of seeing a doctor for per resident will increase by 0.12 percentage. In addition, increasing of the health expenditures and the illiteracy rate will also increase number of seeing a doctor for per resident. In the long term, water pollution is the main factor influencing of mortality, and there is a lagging effect. Increasing of females’ percentage in the current period by 1 percentage will increase the current-period and the next-period mortality rate by 0.5 and 0.46 percentage respectively. There is an inverted “U” nonlinear relationship between per capita GDP and resident mortality.

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