Determining the Spatial Structure of Shenzhen, China: An Analysis of Commuter Flows and Centers of Activity

Authors: Nicole Weston*, Central Michigan University
Topics: Urban Geography, China, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: Monocentric, Polycentric, Shenzhen, China, Spatial Structure, Urban Planning, Planning, Statistics, Urban Geography
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

In the United States and throughout the world, cities are becoming more polycentric; rather than having one main core of activity, or being monocentric, cities are developing viable nodes around the central core, or becoming polycentric. While numerous studies have been completed on American cities, there is room for exploration when it comes to analyzing the spatial structures of Chinese cities and determining what implications those structures have for the future. With the growing urban population of China, there is bound to be greater amounts of traffic, and the movement of people is expected to evolve and become more complex. Already, there are concerns about the consequences of the rapid urbanization of Chinese cities such as degradation of environmental quality, traffic congestion, and health issues. The goal of this study has been to determine the major nodes of activity and commute patterns within Shenzhen and the implications that come along with them. By acquiring data on Traffic Analysis Zones (TAZs) within the city, aggregated information has been gathered on Shenzhen citizens’ home and work locations. Using an Origin-Destination (OD) Matrix and the TAZ data, analyses such as Hot Spot Analysis (Getis-Ord Gi*) and Cluster and Outlier Analysis (Anselin Local Morans I) were completed to visualize major centers of activity within Shenzhen. While this study has generated interesting conclusions about the spatial structure of Shenzhen, further research on changing land uses, housing prices, air quality, sanitation, and other aspects of the city is hoped to be conducted in the future.

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