Authors: Justin Augustine*,
Topics: Military Geography, Historical Geography, United States
Keywords: Military Geography, Historical Geography, American Revolution, Fishkill New York
Session Type: Poster
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Places like Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill, Trenton, and Yorktown, among many others, have earned a revered status for the pivotal events that occurred in those locations during the American Revolution. Fishkill, New York, the site of a vital supply and logistic depot that served a variety of roles for the Revolution, however, has received little scholarly attention, despite its role in the Hudson River Valley. This research seeks to answer the question, “Why Fishkill?” “What geographic factors led to this site’s selection as a primary supply depot for the Continental Army?” Using the Environmental Matrix to describe and analyze the various physical and cultural geographic factors that led to Fishkill’s selection, this historical geography case study examines historical records and archival materials as well as secondary sources to explain why Fishkill was selected and its pivotal role in supporting the struggle for Independence. The results indicate that Fishkill’s site and situation east of the Hudson River on the northern boundary of the Hudson Highlands, together with the cultural and economic geography of the American Colonies provided an excellent location to control the Hudson River Valley and solidify the birth of a United States of America.