The Effectiveness of Biological Corridors in El Salvador as a Conservation Model

Authors: Samantha Mathews*, Penn State
Topics: Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: biological corridor, conservation and development, Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, El Salvador
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


This poster will explore biological corridors as a model for conservation and development, focusing on their adoption and implementation in El Salvador. As part of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, El Salvador faces unique conservation challenges as a result of intensive habitat fragmentation. In response to these challenges, corridors have been adopted into the national environmental agenda with the goal of promoting biodiversity conservation and landscape connectivity while supporting local livelihoods through sustainable land uses. This research seeks to understand how corridors are defined and utilized in national and sub-national conservation policy and management. The poster will illustrate the findings of qualitative coding of planning and policy documents procured from government and non-governmental organizations in El Salvador, exploring themes such as the social and ecological criteria used in corridor design, political motivations involved in corridor policy, and the overall effectiveness of corridors as an integrated model of conservation and development. In addition to document analysis, the research also incorporates in-depth interviews with professionals from across various sectors. The overall objective of the study is to inform future conservation policy and programs in El Salvador, as well as the wider Mesoamerican region.

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