Emerging Transportation Technologies and the Influence of Access to Jobs: a Comparison of Growing and Shrinking Cities

Authors: Eric Nielsen*, University of Nevada, Reno
Topics: Transportation Geography, Development, Business Geography
Keywords: Emerging transportation, Growing/shrinking cities, Access to jobs
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Transportation service providers have introduced a number of on-demand shared mobility services into cities, often with the stated goal of providing greater opportunity for mobility for all segments of the population. While such mobility opportunity could theoretically provide access to a variety of destinations, it is unknown to what extent these services can influence access to employment, particularly for segments of the population that have poor access to reliable transportation to reach work. In this study, we explore the degree to which new mobility services could influence the ability of people to reach employment opportunities. Using longitudinal employer-household dynamics (LEHD) data, this study compares the availability and nature of jobs made potentially accessible from the areas within cities where new shared mobility services have been introduced. Different service areas are generated that represent 30, 45, and 60 minute commutes from these areas using these modes, representing a variety of commute times. We assess the volume and nature of jobs that would potentially be accessible using these of transportation, and compare neighborhood characteristics across all areas where these services have been made available to determine key differences in accessibility by demographic characteristics. Finally, we compare differences in potential job access between growing and shrinking cities across the United States. These findings help to illustrate how cities and regional planning agencies can consider how the introduction of new mobility services may influence access to jobs for the areas within cities where technologies are introduced.

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