Creating a Demographic Profile of the Opioid User - Saginaw County, MI

Authors: Justin Schram*, Saginaw Valley State University, Andrew Miller*, Saginaw Valley State University, John Brophy, Mobile Medical Response, Inc., Frederich Schulz, Saginaw Valley State University, Carter Eckhardt, Saginaw Valley State University, Mackenzie Bethune, Saginaw Valley State University
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: Medical Geography, GIS, Spatial Analysis, Opioids
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The profile of the Opioid user is beginning to become a bit clearer in medical and academic literature (Cicero et al. 2014, Muzumdar et al. 2015, Rose et al. 2016). Prior to the 1980s, Opioid use in its many forms had been considered a drug more commonly misused by the African American community. More recent studies show that the demographic is changing to an older, more Caucasian population (Cicero et al. 2014). Sadly, the perception of the Opioid user is not always consistent with changing trends. In an effort to better create a profile of the Opioid user in the Greater Saginaw region, we utilize the spatial patterns of the Opioid epidemic created in our sister report and merge it with the demographic data associated with the US Census Block Group to which our deidentified data is aggregated. These patterns were created using EMS data with proper IRB and HIPPA approval conforming to DDACTS standards. This data permits us to determine the difference in the demographic profile between Opioid users given their overdose location and their home. By creating a more accurate profile of the Greater Saginaw Opioid user, local agencies associated with the Saginaw County Crime Prevention Council will be able to provide more adequate services to those in need with evidence-based knowledge.

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