Unpacking the human rights implications of adolescent childbearing: examples from Angola and Brazil

Authors: Anika Vassell, Simon Fraser University, Germaine Tuyisenge*, Simon Fraser University
Topics: Human Rights
Keywords: adolescent childbearing, human rights, educational attainment, sexual health, prevention, ethics
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

There is substantial academic evidence to suggest adolescent childbearing among females can be detrimental to education levels, which may have further consequences in the living conditions and the quality of life for young mothers. There are several risk factors associated with teenage pregnancy which we have highlighted as being directly associated with a lack of human rights available to this vulnerable demographic. Studies have shown that adolescent childbearing is linked to low socio-economic and employment opportunities, access to health services, and safe, healthy living environments. This analysis uses Demographic and Health Survey data, along with publicly available state demographic data on levels of education and adolescent childbearing to unpack this dynamic in Angola and Brazil. We raise questions related to the ethical implications of adolescent childbearing that implies a lack of human rights in these contexts. Here we suggest there are many considerations and mechanisms that are not being applied in these contexts to better prevent the limited outcomes related to teenage childbearing. Our analysis enters an ongoing conversation on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights, yet we draw attention to the need to explore the gaps that persist, in the context of promoting human rights for adolescent females.

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