Foodtruck location: the struggle for eating space

Authors: Domenica Jara*, University of Puerto Rico
Topics: Urban Geography, Economic Geography, Population Geography
Keywords: foodtrucks, urban geography, economic geography, population geography
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The municipality of Bayamon is the second most populated in Puerto Rico (Census Bureau Population Division, 2017). It has a per capita income of $13,068 and the functionality of a commuter town. Given these demographic characteristics, Bayamon is a municipality apt for the development of restaurants to satisfy the gastronomical need of its inhabitants. Restaurants are not the only source of processed foods in Bayamon; foodtrucks share the Bayamon food markets. In recent years, the municipality of Bayamon permited the establishment of more foodtrucks. However, the presence of foodtrucks is apparently becoming very competitive for restaurants and food businesses, as it has caused a decline in restaurant earnings, and for some, bankruptcy. One possible explanation of this phenomenon is the Law of Retail Gravitation of William J. Reilly which, in 1931, established that businesses that use their space more effectively, will prevail in the market. In these circumstances, the municipality of Bayamon has issued an ordinance, which imposes a concession moratorium of a new operational permit for foodtrucks for a term of 12 months, while they find a solution for the restaurants. In the following investigation, we will analyze the presence of foodtrucks in Bayamon, how these have impacted the local businesses of processed foods, and how to generate a solution for them to operate without adversely affecting other businesses. During this investigation, we will use the geographical information systems to locate the foodtrucks in Bayamon and their impact in a radius of 100 meters around them.

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