The Demographic Impact of the 2008 Recession - A European Perspective

Authors: Jochen Wirsing*,
Topics: Population Geography, Economic Geography
Keywords: Demography, Economics, Recession, Europe
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Research has shown that European countries were impacted very differently by the Great Recession (2008) as compared to the United States. This study examines the Great Recession's on several aspects of European societies. Spatial patterns of change regarding fertility rates as measured by the Crude Birth Rate (CBR), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and the Crude Net Migration Rate (CNMR) are assessed. Data from EuroStat was used to analyze and visualize changes on the national and NUTS3-levels. The analyses and visualizations show that Europe was affected very differently by the Great Recession compared to the United States. Overall, fertility rates did not decrease nearly as much as in the United States. Nonetheless, there are distinct regional differences: While some areas (parts of Germany, most of the Baltic States, Slovenia) feature counter-cyclical fertility rates, i.e. an increase of CBR during the recession years. Other regions, especially Western and Southern Europe, feature pro-cyclical CBR changes. Especially Ireland, and large parts of Spain experienced substantial decreases in net-migration. Unemployment alone did not appear to be a sufficient predictor of changes in CBR.

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