Current Drought in South Africa: Causes and Implications

Authors: Kathryn Giesa*,
Topics: Africa, Climatology and Meteorology, Water Resources and Hydrology
Keywords: South Africa, Drought, Synoptic Mapping, Climatology, Water Conservation
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

This poster analyzes the causes of the severe drought that occurred during the 2018 year, and its implications on the population. The poster provides information on what has caused the drought, and what the country is doing to mitigate the effects of the drought. The purpose of this presentation is to spread awareness of the topic, and provide options to mitigate the effects of drought across South Africa. This presentation includes personal experience of living during the severe drought during a study abroad experience, which led to analyzing the South African drought. The data utilized was retrieved through the Climate Information Platform (CIP), using the precipitation amounts and dry spell durations in rural and urban locations during recent years. This data is compared to the long term average precipitation and dry spell durations of South Africa to visualize the current climatic anomalies. It also includes the use of synoptic mapping to provide visual of the drought extent and climatic variables. The analysis has concluded that South Africa is suffering a severe drought due to contemporary climate change and a lack of water conservation.

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